A study published by the IRSST assesses possible discrepancies between evidence-based best return-to-work (RTW) practices and actual workplace practices, and suggest possible improvements.
Based on the literature, this study determine the best practices for fostering sustainable RTW and preventing long-term disability among workers with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Moreover the study describes actual RTW practices and identifies the conditions facilitating their implementation in Québec workplaces, and assesses the discrepancies between the best practices recommended in the evidence-based literature and actual practices in workplaces.
The study shows that practices are unevenly applied in organizations. The supervisor does not always make a swift contact with the worker as soon as the accident occurs; workstations evaluations and the implementation of return-to-work solutions are not common practices, supervisors training and experience are sometimes insufficient; policies and procedures are incomplete, not formalized and not specific to a return-to-work scenario.
Researchers provide possible solutions to reduce these differences between the practices and suggest the development of a process of continuous improvement in return to work that would be adapted to the context of different organizations.
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